Should I take extra vitamin D in winter?

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People who sit a lot and spend little time in the fresh air are often deficient in vitamin D. Appropriate arrangements can help, but other factors are more important.

CASSEL — From tiredness and fatigue to severe joint pain and depressed mood, doctors hear these feelings time and time again in their practices. When patients are asked whether they sit too long, exercise little in the fresh air, or eat a balanced diet, they often agree with their treating physicians. Symptoms are often self-limiting and may be a sign of vitamin D deficiency, for example.

Millions of people in this country suffer from such deprivation. Especially during the winter months, many people experience this critical nutrient deficiency. Heik Sander, regional manager at Farmer Alternative Fund, knows this Lower Saxony And Bremen. “Who in the dark season […] “If you don't go outside often, you may be temporarily low in vitamin D,” says Sander.

Vitamin D deficiency: exercise, diet and fresh air

Vitamin D deficiency can sometimes be prevented with a healthy and balanced diet. It is especially found in cod liver oil, fatty marine fish such as salmon or mackerel, and offal such as kidney and liver. The sunshine vitamin is also found in edible mushrooms and eggs. However, it is rarely possible to meet your vitamin needs exclusively through diet.

Vitamin D deficiency: If you sit a lot, don't spend much time in the fresh air and eat an unbalanced diet, you should check your vitamin D level if you have some symptoms. (code image) © nialowwa/imamago

Here's what you should do if you have a vitamin D deficiency:

  • Between March and October you should expose your face, hands and arms to the sun two to three times a week without sun exposure. Be careful not to get exposed to sunlight.
  • Another way to improve your vitamin D status is to take supplements German Society for Nutrition It is recommended if improvement in vitamin D status cannot be achieved through self-supplement or diet.
  • Always consult a doctor when taking any product to avoid overdosing on vitamin D.
  • Buy foods that contain significant amounts of vitamin D. For example, these include fatty marine fish, certain fauna, and edible mushrooms and eggs.

    Source: Robert Koch Institute (RKI)

Anyone concerned about whether he or she may be vitamin D deficient should get a blood test after winter. Vitamin D status is determined by loudness RKI By measuring serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, short 25(OH)D levels. When you should act if you have symptoms. A doctor can help you decide if additional vitamin D supplements should be taken and at what dose and frequency.

Vitamin D deficiency after winter: Women are more affected than men

According to a study Robert Koch Company (RKI) conducted between 2003 and 2006, 12.5 percent of children and adolescents and 15.2 percent of adults in Germany have an adequate supply of vitamin D. However, the RKI insists that these are selected measured values. This does not indicate a serious long-term impairment. Because: According to the RKI, vitamin D supply is subject to “strong seasonal fluctuations”..

Does vitamin D require a prescription?

It depends on the dosage. According to consumer advocates, high-dose vitamin D products can be prescribed to treat recognized illnesses at the health insurance company's expense. Prescription vitamin D products may only be prescribed for the treatment of rickets, osteomalacia or hypoparathyroidism and for one-time use in the initial treatment of vitamin D deficiency at the expense of statutory health insurance (GKV).

If medications are medically necessary, appropriate and adequate for the treatment of vitamin D deficiency, these should be prescribed primarily at the patient's expense. However, dietary supplements can be noisy German Pharmacist Newspaper (DAZ) No maximum size is set.

Source: Consumer Advice Center, Claritext Nutritional Supplements/DAZ

According to the RKI, 30.2% of adults in this country are inadequately supplied with vitamin D. In particular, more women (29.7 percent) are affected than men (30.8 percent) when measured against the general population (women: 32.9 percent, men: 26.6 percent) and over 65 years of age. (sthe)

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